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The Conflict
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Context, facts and oral traditions
Who are the Chechens
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Humanitarian Crisis
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Exile communities, asylum politics and advice
Organizations working on Chechnya, Chechen websites and publications
Media and Books
Relevant news websites, newsgroups, and documentaries, further reading and book reviews
Отдел на Русском Языке 
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Media and Further Reading

Relevant media and news sources
There are a number of websites that offer background materials and research reports, continuous news coverage and information about the Chechen exile community. Some of them are operated by Western NGOs, others by Chechen organizations and the Chechen exile community, and there is also extensive coverage in the Russian media. Because of the nature of the conflict, information about the political and humanitarian situation in Chechnya is often contested, and some of what is available online is biased or does not comply with the highest journalistic standards. Some websites combine activism or outright propaganda with news coverage.

Institute for War and Peace Reporting:
UK-based NGO founded by journalist and Caucasus expert Tom de Waal. Provides training for journalists in the former Soviet Union, the Balkans, Afghanistan etc. and publishes stories from these areas by local and Western journalists.

Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty:
Online and broadcast news source reporting from the former Soviet Union, the Balkans, the Middle East etc. Funded by the US Congress, but editorially independent. Continuous coverage of Chechnya.

Eurasianet (Open Society Institute):
Online news and analysis about the Caucasus, Central Asia, Afghanistan, Turkey and the Middle East. Funded by the Open Society Institute, the New York-based headquarters of the Soros network.

Chechen Press [pro-Maskhadov]:
Official news agency of the Maskhadov government-in-hiding/in-exile.

Chechen Times [pro-Maskhadov/independent]:
Europe-based newssite, also available in print (contingent on funding). Publishes materials by Chechen, Russian and Western authors and tries to maintain a moderate, open perspective (also available in Russian).

Kavkaz Center [separatist, pro-Basayev]:
Large, frequently updated website based in the UK. Strong Islamist/ideological slant. Questionable facts, but excellent source for learning about the perspective of this important sector of the anti-Russian forces.

Prima News Agency:
Based in Moscow. Founded in February 2000 and sponsored by Western and Russian foundations. Distributes news related to the human rights situation in Russia, the former Soviet Union, and abroad.

Caucasian Knot:
Collaborative website of Russian human rights and civil society groups providing up to date information and analysis about political and civil society developments in the Caucasus (also available in Russian).

The Centre for Journalism in Extreme Situations: Based in Moscow. Founded in 2000 as a human rights organization within the Russian Union of Journalists. Reports on media, free speech and human rights in Chechnya and other parts of Russia and the former Soviet Union (in Russian and English).

Chechenskoe Obshchestvo
Chechenskoe Obshchestvo is one of the best independent Chechnya-based newspapers. Timur Aliev, who also writes for IWPR and Prague Watchdog and has won several international journalism awards, is the senior editor (in Russian and partially in English).

Caucasus Times:
Based in Prague, Czech Republic and run by the “Medium-Orient” Information Agency. Reports news from Chechnya and the whole North Caucasus region. Apparently not updated since January 2004 (in Russian and English).

Caucasus Foundation:
Newssite based in Turkey. Covers Chechnya, Abkhazia and other conflict regions. Most of the site is only available in Turkish, but some sections are in Russian, English and Arabic as well.

Ichkeria Independent News Agency:
Strongly separatist, infrequently updated site that provides insight into the rhetoric and thinking of parts of the Chechen leadership rather than news or facts (in Chechen, Russian, English and Danish). Currently offline.

Books about Chechnya
Over the last decade, a number of books about Chechnya have been published in the US, Europe and Russia. Most of them are by journalists reporting from Chechnya, political analysts and historians. The Chechnya Advocacy Network aims to provide information for a mostly Western audience, hence the selection below is largely in English. A much larger number of books are available in Russia and Chechnya, many of them small, privately published editions.

Khassan Baiev, The Oath: A Surgeon Under Fire (Walker, 2003)
An excerpt from Khassan Baiev's book The Oath: A Surgeon Under Fire describes the conditions of working as a doctor during the war. This book is considered the first by a Chechen author in English.

Khassan Baiev, Grief of My Heart. Memoirs of a Chechen Surgeon (Walker 2005)
Paperback edition of The Oath
Click for reviews

Thomas M. Barrett, At the Edge of Empire. The Terek Cossacks and the North Caucasus Frontier, 1700-1860 (Westview Press 1999)
Click for review

Vanora Bennett, Crying wolf: the return of war to Chechnya (Pan Macmillan, 2001)

Svante Cornell, Small Nations and Great Powers: A study of ethnopolitical conflict in the Caucasus (Curzon Press, 2001)

Georgi Derluguian, Bourdieu's Secret Admirer in the Caucasus: A World-System Biography (University of Chicago Press, 2005)
Click for review
Click for review

John Dunlop, Russia Confronts Chechnya: Roots of a Separatist Conflict (Cambridge University Press, 1998).
Click for review

Matthew Evangelista, The Chechen Wars: Will Russia Go the Way of the Soviet Union? (Brookings, 2002).
Click for review

Ben Fowkes (ed.), Russia and Chechnia: The permanent crisis: Essays on Russo-Chechen relations (St. Martin's Press, 1998)

Carlotta Gall and Thomas de Waal, Chechnya: Calamity in the Caucasus (New York University Press, 1998).
Click for review
Click for review

Tracy C. German, Russia's Chechen War (Taylor & Francis, 2003)
Click for review

Thomas Goltz, Chechnya Diary: A War Correspondent's Story of Surviving the War in Chechnya (Thomas Dunne Books, 2003)
Interview with the author

Stanley Greene, Open Wound: Chechnya 1994-2003

Yo'av Karny, Highlanders: A Journey to the Caucasus in Quest of Memory (Farrar Straus & Giroux, 2001).

Stasys Knezys and Romanas Sedlickas, The war in Chechnya (Texas A&M University Press. 1999)

Andrew C. Kuchins, Russia After the Fall (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2002)

Anatol Lieven, Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power (Yale University Press, 1999).
H-Net Review by Thomas M. Barrett of Chechnya: Tombstone of Russian Power

Anna Matveeva, The North Caucasus: Russia's fragile Borderland (RIIA, 2000)

Andrew Meier, Black Earth: A Journey Through Russia After the Fall (W.W. Norton & Company, 2003).

Yu. V. Nikolaev, Chechnya Revisited (Nova Science Publishers, 2003)

Anne Nivat, Chienne de Guerre: A Woman Reporter Behind the Lines of the War in Chechnya (Public Affairs, 2001).

Edgar O'Ballance, Wars in the Caucasus. 1990-1995 (New York University Press, 1997)

Olga Oliker, Russia's Chechen Wars 1994-2000: Lessons from the Urban Combat (Rand Corporation, 2001)

Christopher Panico, Conflicts in the Caucasus: Russia's War in Chechnya (Conflict Studies 281. Research Institute for the Study of Conflict and Terrorism, 1995)

Anna Politkovskaya, A Dirty War: A Russian Reporter in Chechnya (Harvill, 2001).

Anna Politkovskaya, A Small Corner of Hell: Dispatches from Chechnya (University of Chicago Press, October 2003).

Robert Seely, Russo-Chechen conflict, 1800-2000: a deadly embrace (Taylor & Francis, 2001)

Sebastian Smith, Allah's mountains: The Battle for Chechnya (I.B. Tauris, 2001)

Valery Tishkov, Chechnya: Life in a War-Torn Society (University of California Press 2004)

Dmitry Trenin and Aleksei Malashenko, Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia (Carnegie Endowment for International Peace, 2004).
Eurasianet review of Russia's Restless Frontier: The Chechnya Factor in Post-Soviet Russia

V. V. Trepavlov and A. N. Sakharov, Russia and North Caucasus: 400 Years of War? (Edwin Mellen Press, 1999)

Paul Wilson, Vesselin Nedkov, 57 Hours: A Survivor's Account of the Moscow Hostage Drama (Viking Canada, 2003)

Anna Zelkina, In Quest for God and Freedom. Sufi Responses to the Russian Advance in the North Caucasus (New York University Press 2000)

"Chechnya i Rossia" The entire contents of the book Chechnya i Rossia: Obshchestvo i Gosurdarstvo, which is also the proceedings for a conference that was held at the Sakharov Center in Moscow in December 1999. (In Russian)


Humanitarian crisis in Chechnya:

Hunger, desperate poverty, people living in bombed-out ruins and squalid camps, landmines causing daily casualties, widespread health problems and a whole generation growing up without adequate schooling...
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